Human Rights

Tribal Human Rights has been very challenging. Forest Rights Act 2007, which aimed to undo thehistorical injustice experienced by Adivasis across the country by ensuring theirtraditional rights over forests and its resources, completed a decade ofimplementation this year. Lack of political willand corporate nexus has rendered the act largely toothless and unable to ensureeven a fraction of customary tribal rights over their traditional land eitherindividual or communitarian. Tribals are labeled anti-nationals and anti-development by the state with an idea to systemically curb tribal democratic voices.In northeast India, the government continues to apply Armed Forces SpecialPowers Act (AFSPA), 1958, despite recommendation from 2ndUPR cycle to repealthe Act. The Act gives special powers to the Indian armed forces in “disturbedareas” and blanket protection for their abuses. It has exposed the wholepopulation of the northeast to abuses, including extrajudicial killings (‘fakeencounters’), disappearances, etc. in the name of counter-insurgencies. Arbitrary detentions, in particular, have been a common practice, which is accompanied bytorture and other degrading treatment and even disappearance