Variousgovernmental and non-governmental researches have found that the healthstatus of the tribal population is very poor and worst among the primitivetribes because of their isolation, remoteness and government apathy. Forexample, under-five mortality rates among tribal children remain startlinglyhigh (at about 96 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2005 compared with 74among all children). An average non- tribal child has a 25 percent lowerlikelihood of dying under the age of five compared to a tribal child in India.Poor access tohealth facilities for tribals is not just an issue of low demand for services butserious issues of supply as well. In most states in India, Scheduled Tribes livein physically isolated hamlets, in remote regions and districts and in hilly andforested areas with poorly staffed health centers. Limited coverage of all-weather roads makes transportation in emergencies virtually impossible,even if medical personnel attended health centers.